2018 : Hexagonal hollow silica plate particles with high transmittance under ultraviolet-visible light

Prof.Dr.Ir. Sugeng Winardi M.Eng
Dr.Eng Widiyastuti ST., MT.


Abstract

Creating hollow structures is one strategy for tuning the optical properties of materials. The current study aimed to increase the optical transmittance of silica (SiO2) particles. To this end, hexagonal-shaped hollow silica plate (HHSP) particles were synthesized from tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) and zinc oxide (ZnO) template particles, using a microwave-assisted hydrothermal method. The size and shell thickness of the HHSP particles could be adjusted by using different TEOS/ZnO molar ratios and different ZnO template sizes, respectively. The optical transmittance of the HHSP particles depended on the shell thickness and particle size. The highest transmittance was 99% in the ultraviolet and visible region (300–800 nm) and was exhibited by HHSP particles with the thinnest shell thickness of 6.3 nm. This transmittance was higher than that exhibited by spherical hollow silica particles with a similar shell thickness …