2015 : Functionality and adaptability of low cost apartment space design a case of surabaya indonesia

Ir. Rika Kisnarini


This research concerns the floor plan designs of affordable housing units. In particular, the study considers the spatial arrangements and suitability of space based on household activities both in and around the homes of houses offered in the public housing schemes in developing countries (DC’s). Although there are various publications of research regarding spatial arrangements and floor plan designs, there is still a lack of research concerning households’ spatial demands. While adding to the existing literature that deals with the spatial arrangements and floor plans, this study also address the issue of spatial demands.As a consequense of trends towards urbanization and population growth in general, the increased demand for housing, especially of the urban poor, has resulted in an increase in urban slums, marginal housing and shanty towns. Resettlement of low income households to low cost rental apartments is necessitated by a scarcity of urban land in big cities such as Surabaya, Indonesia. Land costs have been risen while urban green and open spaces have decreased over the last decade. To accommodate these rising numbers of housing backlog, it is necessary that the housing for the urban poor be developed in multi-storied complexes as single-family detached or ground bound individual housing can no longer be accommodated given scarce land resources in urban environments.