2021 : Sinkretisme Jawa-Kristen dalam Penyebaran Agama Kristen Abad XIX di Jawa Tengah

Banu Prasetyo S.Fil., M.Phil.

Year

2021

Published in

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External link

Type

RESEARCH

Keywords

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Abstract

This study entitled “Sinkretisme Jawa-Kristen dalam Penyebaran Agama Kristen Abad XIX di Jawa Tengah (Studi Kasus Pemikiran Kiai Sadrach)�uses issues about interaction between Christianity and Javanese culture at Central Java in XIX century as its background. The result of that interaction was responded by Kiai Sadrach through constructing Christiany with local wisdom. Syncretism is used to explain the relation between the relation of Christianity and Javanese culture. Researcher tries to answer these questions: How is the process of spreading Christianity in XIX century at Central Java? How is the concept of spreading Christianity in XIX century at Central Java according to Kiai Sadrach? How does Kiai Sadrach’s thought correlate with syncretism paradigm? This study uses qualitative approach. Its data are gathered from previous research as the data primer, such as S.S. Partonadi, C. Guillot, and the secondary ones come from such books, journals, and articles. The material object of this study is Kiai Sadrach’s thought about the spreading of Christianity at Central Java in XIX century. The formal object of this study is the aspect of syncretism concept. These two objects are processed by using methodical framework: description, internal coherency, interpretation, heuristics, and critical reflection. As the result, this study shows: 1) Religion comes to a region always followed by the cultural origins of religion. This fact results syncretism between religion and culture. 2) Encounter between Christianity and Javanese culture needs contextualization framed in the format of syncretism. 3) Relation between religion and culture is not a beating relation. Religion can be interpreted in cultural activities as Christianity together with Western culture can be transformed into Javanese culture by using syncretism without changing the substance of the religion itself. This thing then become a syncretism concept of Kiai Sadrach in constructing Christianity with local wisdom.