2016 : Kampung development for a resilient city
Prof.Ir. Happy Ratna Sumartinah M.Sc, Ph.D
Kampung is self-developed settlements inhabited by low income class in Indonesia. In Surabaya, the second largest city of Indonesia, kampungs are retained and developed as a decent place to live with all of its uniqueness. Kampung Improvement Program (KIP) in Surabaya, for example, is purposed to raise awareness of the inhabitants, to empower and to improve their quality of life and their living environment independently. Physical improvements are conducted based on community awareness which in turn grow the community’s sense of belonging. The improvement is sustainable and has significant result in improving the quality of life of the inhabitants as well as the quality of the settlement. In addition, awareness and self-reliance of the community can maintain the originality of neighbourhoods, and together they create a unique atmosphere in the city scale. Surabaya is growing as a metropolitan city, but also humanist by creating a decent living environment for all residents.This research develops the concept of resilience that seeds from the kampung of Surabaya in dealing with problems and changes occur in urban areas. Vulnerable state is addressed by action in the form of prevention, adaptation and improvement to survive and, at the same time, to change without losing its identity, such as through Kampung Improvement Program.