2021 : CIRCULAR ECONOMY IN PROCESSING OF HANDPHONE ELECTRONIC WASTE
Dr. Ir. Arman Hakim Nasution M.Eng
The era of the industrial revolution 4.0 in Indonesia led to an increase in the use of electronic goods to support the daily activities of the Indonesian people. The most widely found electronic devices in the community and very helpful for their daily activities, namely cell phone devices. The rapid development of technology in mobile devices such as the shift in the use of handphones that are now smartphones causes the device to have a relatively short life span. Cell phones, whether handphones or smartphones that are damaged, obsolete, and unused, will become electronic waste or e-waste that contains hazardous and toxic materials (B3). This will potentially pollute the surrounding environment and threaten the health of living creatures in the vicinity, and therefore it is necessary to take special treatment or appropriate treatment for the electronic waste. The purpose of this study is to identify the level of consumer awareness of the risks faced by their behavior in handling electronic waste of mobile phones, as well as ways for consumers to avoid the risks faced when handling such electronic waste. The method of analyzing consumer behavior in this study uses the concept of theory of planned behavior, as well as data collection with nonprobability sampling and side purposive techniques. The results of this study are in the form of risk mitigation from consumer behavior in processing their mobile electronic waste. So, the community can avoid the risk of loss arising from the misuse of electronic waste processing, and will get the risk of profit if treating the electronic waste according to existing rules.