2015 : Synthesis of mesoporous silica with controlled pore structure from bagasse ash as a silica source

Ir. Sri Rachmania Juliastuti M.Eng
Prof.Dr.Ir. Heru Setyawan M.Eng.


Abstract

Mesoporous silica with controlled pore structure was prepared from bagasse ash as a silica source. The silica in the bagasse ash was dissolved by NaOH solution to produce sodium silicate precursor for the mesoporous silica, with or without polyethylene glycol (PEG) template. Without the PEG template, the pore structure was greatly influenced by the pH and the presence of Na+ ions. The porous silica produced in the presence of Na+ possessed higher surface area and pore diameter than those produced in the absence of Na+. The surface area and pore diameter reached approximately 525 m2 g−1 and 18 nm, respectively, when the gelation pH was 3. When the gelation pH was increased, the surface area decreased while the pore diameter increased. The use of PEG template increased significantly the surface area, which reached approximately 656 m2 g−1 when the template was removed by solvothermal …