2017 : The improvement of synthetic unit hydrograph performance by adjusting model parameters for flood prediction

Prof. Dr. Ir. Nadjadji Anwar M.Sc.


One of the important factors in water resources management is the determination of design flood associated with determining the size, capacity and age of the water resources structures to be built. Determination of design flood can be done in various ways, one of which is very popular to date is discharge prediction using synthetic unit hydrograph (SUH) approach. The use of unit hydrograph models has been widely applied in various parts of the world, especially in Indonesia, some of which are Snyder, Nakayasu, GAMA I and ITB-1. These methods are considered to have a good performance because it has to accommodate the characteristics of watersheds in a model parameter that greatly contributed to the process of rainfall-runoff transformation. However, in some cases it also provides a sizeable deviation, especially in Indonesia, considering that watersheds in Indonesia have different characteristics with watersheds in the United States where Snyder Unit Hydrograph developed. To overcome these problems, the unit hydrograph performance must be improved so that it can be used in various watersheds to obtain the smallest deviations. This research was conducted in 8 watersheds located in Central Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. This study aimed to improve the performance of Snyder Unit Hydrograph Model, covering Snyder, Nakayasu, SCS, GAMA I, ABG and ITB-1. The improvement of model performance was conducted by adjusting model parameters, in this case using Solver Tool on Microsoft Excel. Evaluation was done by the error indicator such as coefficient of Nash-Sutcliffe model efficiency (E). The study result showed that model …