2015 : Food Grade Ethanol Production Process of Sorghum Stem Juice Using Immobilized Cells Technique

Prof.Ir. Ali Altway M.Sc


Abstract

One form of economic development efforts for waste utilization in rural communities is to utilize stem sorghum to produce food grade ethanol. Sorghum stem juice with 150 g/L of sugar concentration was fermented using conventional batch process and cell immobilization continuous process with K-carrageenan as a supporting matrix. The microorganism used was Mutated Zymomonas Mobilis to be compared with a mixture of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae and Pichia Stipitis, and a mixture of Mutated Zymomonas Mobilis and Pichia Stipitis. Ethanol in the broth, result of fermentation process, was separated in packed distillation column. Distilate of the column, still contain water and other impurities, was flown into molecular sieve for dehydration and activated carbon adsorption column to remove the other impurities to meet food grade ethanol specification. The packing used in distillation process was steel wool. For …