2013 : Facing urban vulnerability through kampung development, case study of kampungs in surabaya, indonesia

Prof.Ir. Happy Ratna Sumartinah M.Sc, Ph.D


Abstract

Urban is a settlement area that has been untouched by the detailed planning, and be the largest population concentration where the human development done. Urban vulnerability is an indicator of high pressure to the city due to urbanization and globalization. Kampungs have become a key feature of cities in Indonesia. It is important to understand the role of kampungs in the urban development. Kampungs which are home to a large low-income people in general have environmental problems in lacking of basic service and infrastructure. Kampungs should be able to adapt in order to survive as a livable settlement. This paper will describe, how the kampungs (especially in Surabaya) can withstand the vulnerability of the city. The method applied in this paper is a qualitative descriptive study based on the literature and data compilation. The main data sources derived from statistical documents and the results of the study on the scope of the city of Surabaya. This paper is expected to provide a new paradigm, how the kampungs is able to survive in faceing the vulnerability of the city.