2013 : The expression of social status on house form; Case: Bugis-Makassar modern house

Ir. Muhammad Faqih MS


Abstract

Social status is a place or a person's position within a social group, in relation to other groups within the larger group. Social status can be formed by several things including through the role of the individual, wealth, power and etc. In the Bugis-Makassar society, social status is very powerful, especially in politics and civic life. Social status of the Bugis-Makassar is divided into three groups, namely anakarung or ana'karaeng, to maradeka, and ata. Based on this society's social status is then impact on the house pattern which is symbolized differently. One of identity assertion form at the residence to demonstrate their social status is on the roof. This study is aimed to determine the relationship between the compositions of the roof (timpa laja) on the building facade on the expression of social status in the modern society of Bugis-Makassar. This study used qualitative research methods under the type of case study research. Techniques of data collection are taken through interviews, observation, photography and literature review. The results of this study are the occurrence of differences between each class/caste in the Bugis-Makassar values related to social strata and the need to express it in modern house building facade.