2013 : Is it possible to eradicate poverty in the fishermen village?

Prof.Ir. Happy Ratna Sumartinah M.Sc, Ph.D


Abstract

Indonesia is one of the countries with the longest coastline in the world and an archipelago with abundant marine wealth. Policy development and management of coastal and marine areas should be able to contribute to the welfare of fishermen and able to improve their livelihoods. However, most of the fishermen in Indonesia are still under the poverty line. The National Committee of Indonesian Fishermen Organisation (KPNNI) in 2009 states that approximately 90% of fishermen in Indonesia live in poverty. This study aims to describe the conditions and problems faced by fishermen and evaluate government policies and programs related to improving the welfare of fishermen and eradicating poverty. This study applies qualitative research methods and case studies. The study area is a fishing settlement located in the Blimbing Village, Paciran district, Lamongan, East Java. Data collection using interviews, observations method and secondary survey (literature study).In this study, the first step is to elaborate and describe the conditions and problems faced by fishermen in the study area. The next step is to evaluate the implementation of development policies and programs to determine whether the policies and programs can help solve the problems faced by the fishermen or not. The result shows that poverty is still a major problem faced by the fishermen in the study area. Poverty is evident in economic life of the fisherman and their housing condition. Basically, the problems faced by the fishermen can be classified into two general problems, namely (1) the problems encountered related to socio-economic life of fishermen and (2) the problems …