2013 : Non catalytic transesterification of vegetables oil to biodiesel in sub-and supercritical methanol: A kinetics study

Prof. Dr. Ir. Achmad Roesyadi M.Sc
Suprapto S.Si., M.Sc., Ph.D
Dr.Eng. Siti Machmudah , ST.,M.Eng.


Abstract

Non catalytic transesterification in sub and supercritical methanol have been used to produce biodiesel from palm oil and soybean oil. A kinetic study was done under reaction condition with temperature and time control. The experiments were carried out in a batch type reactor at reaction temperatures from 210 C (subcritical condition) to 290 C (the supercritical state) in the interval ranges of temperature of 20 C and at various molar ratios of oil to methanol. The rate constants of the reaction were determined by employing a simple method, with the overall chemical reaction followed the pseudo-first–order reaction. Based on the results, the rate constants of vegetables oil were significantly influenced by reaction temperature, which were gradually increased at subcritical temperature, but sharply increased in the supercritical state. However, the rate constants of soybean oil were slightly higher than that of palm oil. The activation energy for transesterification of soybean oil was 89.32 and 79.05 kJ/mole for palm oil. Meanwhile, the frequency factor values of both oils were 7.25 x106 and 3.91 x105 min-1, respectively. The rate reaction for both of oil were expressed as-rTG= 7.25 x106 exp (-89.32/RT) CTG for soybean oil, and-rTG= 3.91 x105 exp (-79.05/RT) CTG for palm oil.© 2013 BCREC UNDIP. All rights reserved