2012 : HOW THE BUGIS COMMUNITY EMPLOYS MYTHS OF TRADITION TO STRUCTURE SPACE AND PLACE IN THE CITY OF MAKASSAR

Prof. Ir. Endang Titi Sunarti BD M.Arch., Ph.D


Abstract

The management of physical and cultural change has been one of the most difficult challenges for historical sites around the world. At sites in Asia managed using UNESCO's guidelines for preservation, evidence has shown that these international standards do not respond well to the complex cultural dynamics and contemporary inputs by local people. This paper highlights the case of Bagan, whose experience presents a stark contrast to the mainstream practice of historical preservation concerning authenticity and integrity. Bagan is a holy Buddhist living heritage site for Burmese. The city was the capital of ancient Myanmar and the power base of the eleventh-century warrior-kings whose military commanders were also civil administrators. Bagan was placed on the UNESCO's tentative list of World Cultural Heritage Sites in 1996, but it was removed from the list in 2005. Due to the use of contemporary materials, a …