2019 : Urban environmental quality and human well-being assessment: Towards walkable neighborhood (A case study of Dr. Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya)

Prof. Ir. Endang Titi Sunarti BD M.Arch., Ph.D


Abstract

Health and mortality risks are indirectly associated with factors such as physical inactivity and sedentary lifestyles with the car-oriented urban approach. Therefore, walkable communities should be encouraged, with a focus on cultural and environmental aspects that are necessary to Indonesian people. However, social and economic borders can be observed in a typical street where only the lower-middle class can be seen walking, whereas the higher-income groups mainly use cars as a primary transportation mode. In order to study this movement gap, a provincial health center (Dr. Soetomo Hospital) was selected as a relevant case study. This would aim to equally provide a sense of security, comfortability, and convenience to all kinds of people. This study uses a walkability assessment tool to assess people’s tendencies to choose their mobility methods and links with the surrounding conditions. The results of this study is used to gain insight into Indonesian attitudes towards walking, in order to foster the physical and psychological well-being by stimulating lively and diverse activities in public space.