2012 : Synthesis of magnetite nanoparticles by surfactant-free electrochemical method in an aqueous system

Prof.Dr.Ir. Sugeng Winardi M.Eng
Prof.Dr.Ir. Heru Setyawan M.Eng.
Dr.Eng Widiyastuti ST., MT.


Abstract

A simple surfactant-free electrochemical method is proposed for the preparation of magnetite nanoparticles using iron as the anode and plain water as the electrolyte. This study observed the effects of certain parameters on the formation of magnetite nanoparticles and their mechanism in the system, including the role of OH− ions, the distance between electrodes and current density. We found that OH− ions play an important role in the formation of magnetite nanoparticles. Particle size can be controlled by adjusting the current density and the distance between electrodes. Particle size increases by increasing the current density and by decreasing the distance between electrodes. Particle formation cannot be favored when the distance between electrodes is larger than a critical value. The magnetite nanoparticles produced by this method are nearly spherical with a mean size ranging from 10 to 30 nm depending on …