Sri Yani Purwaningsih, Darminto, Triwikantoro, Suminar Pratapa : Synthesis of nano-sized ZnO particles by co-precipitation method with variation of heating time
Sri Yani Purwaningsih S.Si., M.Si.
Prof. Dr. Drs. Darminto M.Sc
Dr.rer.nat. Triwikantoro M.Sc.
Prof. Drs. Suminar Pratapa M.Sc., Ph.D.
AIP Conference Proceedings
Zinc oxide powders have been synthesized by a co-precipitation method at low temperature (85 °C), using zinc acetate dihydrate, ammonia, hydrochloric acid solutions as the reactants. A number of process parameters such as reaction temperature, solution basicity or pH and heating time are the main factors affecting the morphology and physical properties of the ZnO nanostructures. In this work the effect of heating time on the morphology and particles size were studied. The as-synthesized ZnO powders were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. The samples were also analyzed using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR). Rietveld refinement of XRD data confirms that ZnO crystallizes in the hexagonal wurtzite structure with high degree of purity and the (101) plane predominant. The XRD results show that the average crystallite sizes were about 66, 27 and 12 nm for 3, 4 and 5 h of heating times, respectively. The XRD analysis indicated that a fraction of nano-sized ZnO powders were in the form of aggregates, which was also verified by TEM image. The TEM photograph demonstrated that the nano-sized ZnO particles were a pseudo-spherical shape.