Siti Machmudah : Extraction of carotenoids and lipids from algae by supercritical CO2 and subcritical dimethyl ether

Dr.Eng. Siti Machmudah , ST.,M.Eng.

Year

2015

Published in

The Journal of Supercritical Fluids

Authors

External link

Type

Jurnal Internasional

Keywords

Algae Lipid Carotenoid Extraction Carbon dioxide Dimethyl ether


Abstract

Algae contain lipids and functional compounds such as carotenoids. Especially, microalgae are recentlyfocused as a source of biofuel. To extract these components, organic solvent or supercritical carbon dioxide have been used. We have been developing wet extraction process using liquefied (subcritical) dimethylether (DME) as solvent at around 0.59 MPa. The extraction process usually requires energy consuming drying and grinding process as in the case of supercritical CO2. We have applied liquefied DME for theextraction of lipids and functional compounds from various kinds of algae. Since the liquefied DME extraction process can eliminate the process for drying, cell disruption, and solvent evaporation, it can realize simpler and low energy consumption system. In this paper, our studies on the extraction from algae by using supercritical CO2 or subcritical DME are reviewed.