Ali Masduqi, Noor Endah, Eddy Setiadi Soedjono, Wahyono Hadi : Structural Equation Modeling for Assessing the Sustainability of Rural Water Supply Systems
Prof.Ir. Noor Endah M.Sc Ph.D
Ir. Eddy Setiadi Soedjono Dipl.SE.M.Sc, Ph.D
Prof.Ir. Wahyono Hadi M.Sc Ph.D
Water Science and Technology:Water Supply
Structural equation modeling; sustainability; rural water supply system; Brantas River Basin
As one of the basic human needs, water services should be sustainable. Researches related to the sustainability of water services have been conducted in several developing countries. However, there are no identical researches in Indonesia. This paper discusses analysis of factors that contribute to sustainability of rural water supply systems in East Java, Indonesia. Data is collected by observing rural water supply facilities, interviewing water committees and water users, and taking documentation. The data is used to build a model, which was developed from theoretical or conceptual model. The development of model uses structural equation modeling (SEM). This model can show the factors that contribute to sustainability of rural water supply systems. The sustainability is influenced significantly by nine variables; they are selection of technology, water sources, investment cost, capability of operator, availability of spare parts, operation cost, technical operation, community participation, and institutional management.