Eddy Setiadi Soedjono, Alfan Purnomo : STUDY ON WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT IN FLAT AREAS USING COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
Ir. Eddy Setiadi Soedjono Dipl.SE.M.Sc, Ph.D
3rd international seminar on sustainable urban development: THE DYNAMICS OF URBAN AND ENVIRONMENT TOWARDS CLIMATE CHANGE: PLANS, STRATEGIES AND PRACTICES
less educated; low income communities; off-site sanitation system; pumping system
Around 40% of Indonesia population is still practicing open defecation. Lots of program has been conducted by the Government to meet the MGD’s target which is open defecation free (ODF) by 2015. With the support of donors countries or not, approach on off-site sanitation system in non-urban areas is communal systems. Technologically, this approach is similar to those in urban areas run by the local government. The ones in non-urban areas, however, are run by the communities. As natural slopes or terrains are very important to convey the collected wastewater, the current approach of off-site system tends to be implemented in hilly areas where slopes is available. This is to say that flat areas likes the ones along the shorelines are not in favor to have such technology. This study is aimed to access how flat dense areas in big cities or housings on shorelines are still entitled to have off-site sanitation technology, eventhough the community is poor and less educated.
Community at Kelurahan Sumber Taman at Probolinggo City of Jawa Timur Province, already has the off-site sanitation system since last year. It is a sewerage system to serve around 500 population equivalent (PE) in the Pondok Pesantren An Nur and another 100 house connections from the surrounding houses. As the capacity of the wasterwater treatment plant is only for about 200 connections, new connections are not serviced. This is a pumping sewer and waterwater treatment system runs by the community. Dominated by poor income level and less educated, not only the new connections are turned-down but also the community is willing to pay for operation and maintenance fee. This is to conclude that off-site sanitation system is eligible for poor and low educated communities.