Tanti Satriana Rosary Nasution, Kirami Bararatin : Assessing Adaptability in Old Buildings
Tanti Satriana Rosary Nasution S.T., M.T.
ASEA UNINET Scientific and Plenary Meeting 2016
adaptability; Chinese settlement; old buildings
Building adaptability is an idea related to the capability of a building to be transformed and adapted based on the evolving needs of its user. A theory suggested that the assessment can be conducted by disintegrating building into layers, i.e.: site, structure, services, space plan, and stuffs. Those layers are based on each of their permanence: site as the most permanent to stuffs that can be changed weekly or even daily.
Previous researches have shown that in urban and sub-urban areas, one of historical areas experiencing rapid change is Chinese settlement, which is interesting because generally Chinese houses have fixed form and space layout. Therefore, this research will be focused on Chinese settlement located in sub-urban area considering that original building can be explored and the adaptability can be assessed. The area considered to be the location of this research is Chinese settlement in Lasem.
By using descriptive qualitative method, the adaptability of the building will be assessed by collecting samples with different level of physical changes: buildings with a few changes, buildings with changes in particular component, and buildings with substantial changes. Each will be observed by disintegrating it into six layers to find which building component is the most heavily changed and how far the changes can be traced. The output expected is to generate information about the capability of old buildings to adapt with changes and how it can be used to generate new knowledge about design method that involve adaptability as one of its aspect.