Fardilla Rizqiyah, Kirami Bararatin, Happy Ratna Sumartinah : Community as City Designer of Surabaya
Prof.Ir. Happy Ratna Sumartinah M.Sc, Ph.D
International Conference on Planning and Design
city community; designer; kampung; planning
The development of Surabaya City could not be separated from the existence of Kampung. It is because the Kampung has a function as a place to accommodate community activities of settled resident throughout the history of the city. Moreover Surabaya is also a city consist of more than 160 Kampung scattered in it. Kampung is not always identical to the term of slums, illegal and squatter settlements. Kampung is a form of self-help housing built by the inhabitants without following the provisions of the formal construction of government buildings and developers. Therefore the settlements of Kampung can also be referred as the work of vernacular architecture where building construction methods were traditionally built outside the academic tradition and utilize the local materials.
As part of the work of architecture, each Kampung is unique because it is a manifestation of ideas, creativity, ability, dreams and pressures for the citizens (as an architect/designer). In other words, kampung comes as a form of culture prevailed in society. Based on this fact, community participation in the planning and design of spaces is inseparable from the development activities in the scale of both kampung and city. Case study of this paper is a Kampung “Jambangan” that is one of the developed Kampung in Surabaya. In addition, “Jambangan” is also a pilot Kampung towards sustainable Kampung.
The aims of this paper is to determine the extent of the role community in the physical design of kampung as well as the aspects of the design target.This paper use a descriptive qualitative method as the analytical method. This method is used in order to explore the conditions of the kampung that is growing into a better neighborhood in quality as a result of the empowerment of communities in designing their living environment. The research result shows that community is one of the important elements that support the urban design.